160 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE ends of a cord "by tying them to the hands or feet or to a peg in a wall or to a leg of a bed. In such cases injuries to the deep structures of the neck and marks of violence on other parts of the body are, as a rule, absent. JtJs not possible for anyone to continue a firm grasp of the throat after unconsciousness supervenes ; hence throttling by the fingers cannot possibly be suicidal, although Binner11 records the case of a woman, aged 40 years, who cotnmitted suicide by throttling. She was suffering from melancholia, and was found dead, crouched in her bed with both hands compressing her throat; the elbows were supported on the knees, and the back leaned against the wail; there were marks of her finger nails on both sides of the throat. Homicidal strangulation is the commonest of the three forms. Usually there is a single turn of a ligature round the neck with one or more"knots. Sometimes there may be more turns, in which case more ligature marks will be found on the neck. JLn addition to the ligature mark or finger marks there is a probability of evidence of a struggle, and marks of violence on the other parts of the body. Fig. 53. Throttling: The woman was murdered by throttling after her hands and feet were tied together. A person may be first rendered helpless by being bound, or rendered unconscious by blows on the head or by intoxicating drugs, and then stran- gled by a small amount of compression. In some cases strangulation and suffocation by closure of the mouth and nostrils may both be attempted. A case came under my observation in which one Mt. Dulari, aged 30 years, of Police .Station Mohanlalganj, was murdered by throttling on the night of the 25iib February 1928, after her hands and feet were tied together with a piece of white cloth. In the case of King-Emperor v. Dhani Ram,*2 charged under section 302, .^ with the murder of Ganeshi, it was brought out * in evidence that Dhani Ham, accused!, took hold of a rough piece of wood, about 3£" long and 2" or more in diameter, arid struck Ganeshi with it. Ganeshi fell down. He then put the wood across the neck of Ganeshi and stood on it until he died of strangulation. Ml Sukhdevi and Angun13 were convicted under section 302, I.P.C., of the offence of having committed murder by causing the death of Pancham, the husband of Mt Sukhdevi. At the trial Angun confessed that on the night of the 20th May 1921, he went to the house of Mt Sukhdevi, with whom he was carrying on an intrigue, when, A^i? c?^cilam lying drunk *n the court-yard. They took him into the room (kotow), and Mt. Sukhdevi sat on his chest and held both his hands while he pressed the throat with a brick. - -- . - Toxic Z-&LV1L ^ Med'"Be(Lmte> 1888> *> PP- 364-368 ; Dixonmann, Forensic Med. if* S1^ ^^ of ^^ Crim- APP- No- 65° of 1927- 13. Oudh Jud, Commissioner's Court, Crim. App. No. 414 of 1921.